Think your rifle shoots at distance? It doesn’t unless you know minute of angle like a Palma shooter knows minute of angle.

Highpower rifles, the 10-ring and Xs--Can you hit that at 1,000 yards?“What you have to have is a rifle/ammo combination that you could consistently shoot into 1/2 minute of angle or less with iron sights at 1,000 yards if there were no wind. An impossibility you say? Not so. Most of the top 30 or so long-range shooters in the country end up as members of the U.S. International Palma team. In the Palma match, these shooters consistently shoot scores above 440 … . Do you think these shooters can judge the wind to within 1/4 MOA? … [W]hen they shoot scores on the order of 447 or better with a high X-ring count in really strong, tricky wind, they would have to be judging the wind that closely to keep 42 out of 45 shots in the 10-ring … . I may be wrong, but I don’t think anybody is that good a judge of the wind, not at 1,000 yards. In my opinion, without a half-minute rifle, that kind of score is just a dream.”–Randolph Constantine, Modern Highpower Competition, From Beginner to Master, from the chapter “Long-Range Competition”


Did you like this quote? Want to improve your own accuracy behind the rifle sights? Then you are going to love Wayne van Zwoll’s newest book with us, the Gun Digest Shooter’s Guide to Rifles.

Wayne van Zwoll's "Gun Digest Shooter's Guide to Rifles"


  1. Iron sights, 1000 yds, and 1/2 moa? I can appreciate the authors enthusiasm and even the literary flourish for affect, after all she is selling her article. However, at 1000 yds, the front sight will cover up a Volkswagen bus. So not to overstate the obvious, but what is the purpose of the article except to hawk a book….